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Christmas Day is celebrated on December 25. Many people
look on Christmas as the time to celebrate the birth of Jesus
Christ, but really the tradition goes back to the earliest of
In those days the sun meant so much to primitive man that
when it began to go lower each day till December 23, people
thought the sun was going to die out and they were worried.
They ate less keeping the food for the next year.
On December 23 the sun stayed in the sky longer and
after that the nights were becoming shorter and shorter.
When this happened, the primitive man was very happy. He
even felt he wanted to celebrate it.
Later it became a tradition to celebrate it at the end of
December with presents and plenty of eating. Now Christmas
tree stands in everybody's living-room at Christmas. In the
earliest of times green trees were symbols of life. Candles at
Christmas also go back to those times. People believed then
that their light helped them to forget the darkness of winter.
The first weekday after Christmas is a public holiday. In
England it is called Boxing Day. In past times it was the
traditional day to give presents to servants. This day is
called Boxing Day because at one time the presents were put
in boxes (Christmas boxes). Usually Boxing Day is December
26, but if Christmas Day falls on a Saturday, Boxing Day is
on December 27.
Not all Christmas traditions are old. The first Christmas
card was made only in 1842 by an English painter who sent
that card to one hundred of his friends. NOT millions of
Christmas cards are sent and received.
Christmas is a time for eating. The traditional food is
turkey, Christmas cake, Christmas pudding made of fruit.
Some families make pudding a year before they eat it. Believe
it or not, in a year they eat the pudding with great pleasure.
1. When is Christmas celebrated?
2. Why did people feel they wanted to celebrate this day?
3. What stands in everybody's living-room at Christmas
4. How is the traditional day to give presents called?
5. When was the first Christmas card made?
6. What is the traditional Christmas food?
Christmas is Christian holiday that celebrates the birth of
Jesus Christ. For millions of Christians throughout the world
it is the happiest and the busiest time of the year. No one
knows the exact date of Christ's birth but most Christians
celebrate Christmas on December 25. The world Christmas
comes from Christes masse, an early English phrase that means
Mass of Christ.
People of different countries celebrate Christmas in various
ways. People in the United States and Canada decorate their
homes with Christmas trees, wreaths and ornaments. City
streets are filled with colored lights; the sound of bells and
Christmas carols can be heard everywhere.
Children write letters to Santa Claus and tell him what
presents they would like to get. Many department stores hire
people to wear a Santa Claus costume and listen to children's
reguests. People send Christmas cards to relatives and friends.
Many companies give presents to their employees.
A Christmas tree is one of the main symbols of Christmas
in most homes. Relatives and friends may join in trimming
the tree with lights, tinsel, and colorful ornaments. Presents
are placed under the tree. On Christmas Eve or Christmas
morning, families open their presents. Many children believe
that Santa Claus arrives on Christmas Eve in a sleigh pulled
by reindeer and brings presents. Some children hang up
stockings so Santa Claus can fill them with candy, fruit and
other small gifts.
In many parts of the United States and Canada groups of
people walk from house to house and sing Christinas carols.
Some people give singers money or small gifts or invite them
for a warm drink.
Many people attend church services on Christmas Eve or
Christmas morning. They listen to readings from Bible and
singing Christmas carols.
A traditional Christmas dinner consists of stuffed turkey,
mashed potatoes, cranberry sauce and a variety of other
dishes. Some families have ham or roast goose instead of
turkey. Pumpkin pie, plum pudding, and fruitcake are favourite
1. What does Christmas celebrate?
2. Where does the name "Christmas" come from?
3. How do people in the US and Canada celebrate Christmas?
4. What do the children do on Christmas?
5. What is the main symbol of Christmas?
6. What does a traditional Christmas dinner consist of?