England is the largest and the richest country of Great
Britain. The capital of England is London but there are other
large industrial cities, such as Birmingham, Liverpool,
Manchester and other famous and interesting cities such as
York, Chester, Oxford and Cambridge.
Stonehenge is one of the most famous prehistoric places in
the world. This ancient circle of stones stands in Southwest
England. It measures 80 metres across and made with massive
blocks of stone up to four metres high. Why it was built is a
Not far from Stonehenge stands Salisbury Cathedral. It is
a splendid example of an English Gothic Cathedral; inside
there is one of four copies of Magna Charta and the oldest
clock in England.
Chester is very important town in the north-west of
England. In the past it used to be a Roman fort; its name
comes from the Latin word castra, meaning "fortified camp".
In Chester there is a famous museum which contains over
5000 ancient and modern toys.
Oxford is the home of the oldest university of England.
The most famous college is Christ Church. It has a great hall
which was built during the reign of Henry VIII and its chapel
has become the Cathedral of Oxford.
Cambridge is the home of Britain's second oldest university.
York was the capital of Northern England. It is one
of the best preserved medieval cities of Europe. It was built
by Romans, conquered by Anglo-Saxons and ruled by the
Birmingham is often called the "City of 1,500 trades" because of the great variety of its industries.
1. What are large industrial cities of England?
2. What is one of the most famous prehistoric place in the
3. Where are the oldest clock in England and a copy of
Magna Charta now?
4. What is Chester interesting for?
5. What are two oldest universities in England?
6. What was the capital of Northern England?
7. Why is Birmingham called the "City of 1,500 trades"?