The full name of the country the United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland.
The United Kingdom is situated on the British Isles. The
British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and
Ireland, and a great number of small islands. Their total area
is over 314 000 sq. km.
The British Isles are separated from the European
continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The
western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic
Ocean and the Irish Sea.
Northern Ireland occupies one third of the island of Ireland.
It borders on the Irish Republic in the south.
The island of Great Britain consists of three main parts:
England (the southern and middle part of the island), Wales
(a mountainous peninsula in the West) and Scotland (the
northern part of the island).
There are no high mountains in Great Britain. In the north
the Cheviots separate England from Scotland, the Pennines
stretch down North England along its middle, the Cambrian
mountains occupy the greater part of Wales and the Highlands
of Scotland are the tallest of the British mountains. There is
very little flat country except in the region known as East
Most of the rivers flow into the North Sea. The Thames is
the deepest and the longest of the British rivers. Some of the
British greatest ports are situated in the estuaries of the Thames,
Mersey, Trent, Tyne, Clyde and Bristol Avon.
Great Britain is not very rich in mineral resources, it has
some deposits of coal and iron ore and vast deposits of oil
and gas that were discovered in the North Sea.
The warm currents of the Atlantic Ocean influence the
climate of Great Britain. Winters are not severely cold and
summers are rarely hot.
The population of the United Kingdom is over 58 million
people. The main nationalities are: English, Welsh, Scottish
and Irish. In Great Britain there are a lot of immigrants from
former British Asian and African colonies.
Great Britain is a highly industrialized country. New
industries have been developed in the last three decades. The
main industrial centres are London, Birmingham, Manchester,
Leeds, Liverpool, Glasgow and Bristol.
The capital of the country is London. The United Kingdom
is a. parliamentary monarchy.
1. Where is the United Kingdom situated
2. What islands do the British Isles consist of?
3. What ocean and seas are the British Isles washed by?
4. How many parts does the Island of Great Britain consist
of and what are they called?
5. What country does Northern Ireland border on?
6. Are there any high mountains in Great Britain?
7. What sea do most of the rivers flow into?
8. What mineral resources is Great Britain rich in?
9. What is the climate like in Great Britain?
10. What is the population of Great Britain?
11. What city is the capital of the U. K.?
12. What kind of state is Great Britain?