Halloween is a festival that takes place on October 31. In
the United States children wear costumes and masks and go
trick-or-treating. Many of them carve jack-o'-lantens out of
pumpkins. Fortunetelling and storytelling about ghosts and
witches are popular activities.
Halloween developed from new year festivals and festivals
of the dead. Christian church established a festival on November
1 called All Saints' Day so that people could continue to
celebrate their festivals. The Mass said on All Saints' Day
was called Allhallowmass. The day before All Saints' Day
was known all hallows' Eve or All Hallow e'en.
The main Halloween activity for children is trick-or-treating.
Children dress in costumes and masks and go from door
to door saying "trick or treat". The neighbours give children
such treats as candy, fruit and pennies so that children do not
play tricks on them.
Jack-o'-lanterns are hallowed-out pumpkins with face
carved into one side. Most jack-o'-lanterns contain a candle
inside. An Irish legend says that jack-o'-lanterns are named
after the man called Jack. He could not enter heaven because
he was a miser, and he could not enter hell because he had
played jokes on devil. As a result, Jack has to walk on the
earth with his lantern until Judgment Day.
Fortunetelling is an important part of Halloween. For example,
a coin, a ring, and a thimble were baked into a cake. It
was believed that the person who found the coin would become
wealthy. The one who found the ring would marry soon. And
the person who found the thimble would never get married.
Today people practice cardreading or palmistry.
People once believed that there were many ghosts and witches
on the Earth and that they met on October 31 to worship the
devil. Today, people do not believe in ghosts and witches but
they like to tell stories about them on Halloween.
1. What are the most popular activities on Halloween?
2. What is the origin of Halloween?
3. What does the word "Halloween" mean?
4. What is trick-or-treating?
5. What is jack-o'-lantern?
6. What methods of fortunetelling do you know?
Halloween — Хэллоуин; канун Дня всех святых
to trick-or-treat — выпрашивать угощение
"trick or treat" — "угощайте, а не то подшутим"
Jack-o'-lantern — фонарь
fortunetelling — гадание
ghost — привидение
witch — ведьма
to establish — установить
All Saints Day — День всех святых
mass — месса
eve — канун,
treat — угощение
hallowed-out pumpkins — тыквы, пустые внутри
candle — свеча
Irish — ирландский
heaven — рай
miser — скряга, скупец
hell — ад
Judgment Day — Судный день
coin — монета
ring — кольцо
thimble — наперсток
wealthy — богатый
cardreading — гадание на картах
palmistry — хиромантия, гадание по руке
to worship — поклоняться