New York is the largest city in the USA and the biggest
seaport. It is the business centre of the United States.
New York is situated in the mouth of the Hudson river.
In comparison with such ancient historical cities as, say,
Rome, London, Moscow or Paris, New York is quite young. It
was founded in 1613 by Dutch settlers.
There are five districts in the city: Manhattan, the Bronx,
Queens, Brooklyn and Richmond. Manhattan is the central and
the oldest part of the city. It is the district of business and
finance. It is here in Wall Street that many business offices,
banks and the world famous New York stock exchange are
situated. The New York stock exchange dominates business life
of many countries.
The total area of New York is 365 square miles or 900
square kilometres. Its population together with the population
of its suburbs amounts to 16 million people.
Among the inhabitants of New York one can meet people
of almost all nationalities. They settled here during the
immigration in the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th
A traveller who visits New York for the first time wonders
at the modern architecture. The Statue of Liberty, which is on
Liberty Island, was a present from France in 1876 on the
occasion of the 100th anniversary of American independence.
This statue and a few 18th and 19th century churches,
hospitals, newspaper offices and other buildings are the only
examples of "old" architecture in New York. Wherever your
eyes travel, everywhere you can see sky-scrapers.
New York, one of the USA leading manufacturing cities,
is the home of great firms and banks. The most important
branches of industry are those producing vehicles, glass,
chemicals and all kinds of machinery. The city has very busy
traffic. Its streets and highways are full of cars and buses.
The mouth of the Hudson river makes an excellent harbour
for numerous passengers and cargo ships from all over the
Speaking about New York one can't but mention the
outstanding role, the city plays, in the cultural life of the
country. New York has many museums and art galleries
which have collected works of art of many peoples and of all
times. Many of them are on constant display in the Metropolitan
Museum of Art, the Whitney Museum of Art.
Most of the theatres and cinemas are in or near Broadway,
the longest street and the biggest shopping district in Ne\
York. The Metropolitan and Modern Arts Museums attract
1. What is the largest city in the USA?
2. Where is New York situated?
3. When was the city founded?
4. How many districts are there in New York?
5. What is the central and the oldest part of New York?
6. In which district are many offices situated?
7. What is the population of New York?
8. People of how many nationalities live in the city?
9. What does a traveller who comes to New York for the
first time wonder at?
10. How and when did the Statue of Liberty appear in
11. Which industries are situated in New York?
12. What is situated in the mouth of the Hudson river?
13. What are the names of art museums situated in New
14. In what street are most of the theatres and cinemas
to be founded — быть основанным
Dutch settlers — датские поселенцы
stock exchange — биржа
the total area — общая площадь
suburbs — пригороды
to amount to — составлять
to settle — поселиться
to wonder at smth. — любоваться чем-либо
sky-scrapers — небоскребы
vehicle — автомобиль, средство передвижения
highway — автострада
harbour — пристань
cargo ships — грузовые корабли
to be on constant display — постоянно экспонироваться