New Zealand have a high standard of living. New
Zealanders eat more butter and meat per person than do the
people of any other country. The government's medical
program provides excellent health care. About 70% of New
Zealand people own their houses. Almost every family has
Most New Zealanders live in singlefamily houses with a
small vegetable gardens. In the larger cities, some people live in
highrise apartment buildings. Almost in every New Zealand
home there are refrigerators, wash mashines, and other modern
electrical appliances. But air conditioning and central
heating are rare because the weather rarely becomes extremely
hot or extremely cold. In summer, New Zealanders prefer to
keep windows open. In winter, fireplaces or electric heater
keep the homes warm.
Although about fourfifths of New Zealand's population
live in urban areas, cities are uncrowded. Traffic jams seldom
occur, even in downtown areas. Large cities have excellent
restaurants, milk bars, theatres, concert halls, and other places
of entertainment. City life in New Zealand tends to be rathe*
quiet. However it is changing in larger cities, where
international tourism is developing rapidly.
Near a fifth of New Zealand's people live in rural areas —
in some of them, small settlements are linked by good roads.
But in other areas, rancher's nearest neighbours may live
kilometers away. Some ranchers live almost in isolation.
Nevertheless, most farms and ranches have electricity. Many farm families run their farms with little or no hired help.
1. Who pays for health care in New Zealand?
2, How many New Zealanders own their houses?
3. Where do the most New Zealanders live?
4. Are central heating and air conditioning popular in
New Zealand? Why?
5. What does city life in New Zealand look like?
6. How do New Zealand farmers live?
New Zealander — новозеландец
standard of living — уровень жизни
government — правительство
to provide — предоставлять
health care — здравоохранение
to own — владеть
single-family — на одну семью
vegetable garden — огород
high-rise apartment building — многоэтажный жилой дом
refrigerator — холодильник
wash mashine — стиральная машина
electrical appliances — бытовая техника
air conditioning — кондиционирование
central heating — центральное отопление
extremely — слишком
to prefer — предпочитать
fireplace — камин
electric heater — электрический обогреватель
urban — городской
uncrowded — малонаселенный
traffic jams — пробки на дорогах
downtown — центр города
entertainment — развлечение
to tend — иметь тенденцию быть
rapidly — быстро
rural — сельскохозяйственный
settlement — поселок, деревня
to link — связывать
rancher — фермер
nevertheless — тем не менее
electricity - электричество
hired help — наемная рабочая сила