In 1937 the McDonnald brothers, Dick and Mark, opened
little restaurant in California. They served hot dogs and
milk shakes. In 1945 they have 20 waiters. All the teenagers
in town ate hamburgers there. When the 1948 year came
they got paper boxes and bags for the hamburgers.
They put the price down from 30 to 15 cents. There were no
more waiters — it was self-service. So it was cheaper and
In 1960s the McDonald's company opened hundreds of
McDonald's restaurants all over the States. In 1971 they
opened restaurants in Japan, Germany and Australia.
Now the McDonald's company opens a new restaurant
every 8 hours. There are more than 14,000 restaurants in
over 70 countries.
The Coca-Cola story began in Atlanta in 1886. John
Pemberton invented a new drink. Two of the ingredients were
the South American coca leaf and the African cola nut.
Pemberton couldn't think of a good name for the drink.
Finally, Dr. Pemberton's partner Frank Robinson suggested
the name Coca-Cola. Thirty years later the famous Coca-Cola
bottle design first appeared.
For many years only Coca-Cola was made. They only
introduced new drinks — Fanta, Sprite in the 1960s. The
recipe of Coca-Cola is a secret. Today they sell Coca-Cola in
195countries. Hundreds of millions of people from Boston to
Beijing drink it every day. It has the most famous trademark
in the world.
1. When did McDonald brothers open first restaurant?
2. What did they serve there?
3. When did the Coca-Cola story begin?
4. Who invented this drink?
5. When did they introduce Fanta and Sprite?
shake — коктейль
self-service — самообслуживание
coca leaf — лист коки
cola nut — орех кола
trademark — торговая марка