Peking is the capital of the People's Republic of China. It
is spreads across a vast area. Part of its border is formed by
the Great Wall of China, a huge wall which stretches along
the mountains. It is the ancient seat of government and a
modern industrial and commercial city. The population of
Peking is about 10 million people and is still growing, although
it is only the second largest city in China.
In 1421 Peking became the imperial capital of the Ming
dynasty (1368—1644) and it was during this time that the
spacious walled city was built. Like many ancient Chinese
cites, the walls and streets were based on the points of the
compass. Peking has remained the capital of China since
then. With its modern international airport, it is not surprising
that Peking has become a popular tourist destination. Peking's
broad, straight streets are crowded with people, bicycles and
buses. Very few people own a car. Industries include textiles,
steel and engineering.
It is also a city of great cultural importance. There are more than fifty institutes of higher education, including Peking University. It has a famous opera, a ballet and some outstanding museums — The Museum of Chinese History and Gugun Museum. Among the many historical and cultural landmarks in Peking is Square, one of the largest public squares in the world. It is used for political rallies and military parades.
1. What is the capital of People's Republic of China?
2. What is the population of Peking?
3. Peking is the second largest city in China, isn't it?
4. Has Peking become a popular tourist destination?
5. How many institutes are there in this city?