The centre of everything in Great Britain is the city of
London. It's situated at the centre of a vast national and
international network of communication. London consists of
four main districts, which differ from each other. These are
the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End.
London's industries are extremely varied. Among them
an extensive system of docks and port industries, electrical
engineering, the motor car industry and other.
The other towns, situated to the north of the Thames are
Oxford and Cambridge.
Oxford was first mentioned in recorded history in the tenth
century and later became an important trade centre in medieval
times, then it developed into leading educational centre.
Cambridge is also best known for its ancient university.
Its industries are mostly concerned with electronics which
has an international reputation.
Bristol dominates South-west England, both as the region's
largest seaport and as its largest city. It is a major centre of
metallurgy, aircraft and chemical industries.
Of the towns situated in the south of England the largest
ones are Southampton, Portsmouth and Brighton.
Southampton is primarily a seaport, the most important on
the south coast.
Brighton is one of the most popular seaside resorts of
Britain. It has mild climate, warm sea and wonderful beaches.
Manchester is a city of ancient origin. By the 17th century
it was great commercial city, a centre of textile industry. Now
engineering along with clothing manufacture are most
important industries there.
Sheffield, situated in South Yorkshire, produces almost
two-thirds of the country's alloy steel, it is famous for its
tools and cutlery. Other industries include paper making
machinery and food processing.
In North Yorkshire the largest town is York. Its leading
industries are engineering and manufacture of confectionery.
York attracts many tourists because of its famous medieval
1. Are London industries varied?
2. Oxford is an important trade centre, isn't it?
3. What can you tell about Bristol?
4. Where is Sheffield situated?
5. What other cities of Great Britain do you know?