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The United States of America(1)
The USA is the most powerful and highly developed country
of the world. It is situated in the central part of the North
American continent. Its western coast is washed by the Pacific
Ocean and its eastern coast is washed by the Atlantic Ocean
and the Gulf of Mexico.
The USA is separated from Canada in the north by the
49th parallel and the Great Lakes, and from Mexico in the
south by a line following the Rio Grande River and continuing
across the highlands to the Pacific Ocean.
The total area of the USA is over 9 million square
The continental part of the USA consists of the highland
regions and two lowland regions. The highland regions are
the Appalachia mountains in the east and the Cordillera in the
Between the Cordillera and the Appalachian Montains are
the central lowlands which are called the prairie, and eastern
lowlands called the Mississi ppi valley.
The principal rivers of the USA are the Mississippi, the
longest river in the world (7,330 km) and the Hudson river.
The climate of the USA differs greatly from one part of
the country to another. The coldest climate is in the northern
part, where there is heavy snow in winter and the temperature
may go down to 40 degrees below zero. The south has a
subtropical climate, with temperature as high as 49 degrees
The population of the United States of America is about
250 million people, who are called Americans. Most of the
people live in towns and the population of the countryside is
becoming smaller and smaller.
For many decades the USA has been the place where lots
of people sought refuge from persecution for political or
religious beliefs. That's why in America there are
representatives of practically all racial and national groups.
There are about 25 million Negroes in the country and a
little over half a million Indians.
The capital of the USA is Washington. It is situated in the
District of Columbia. Washington is a beautiful administrative
city with practically no industry.
The USA is a highly developed industrial state. Its
agriculture is also highly mechanized.
There are coal-mines in the Cordillera Mountains, in the
Kansas City region. Iron is mined near the Great Lakes. The
USA has rich oil-fields in California, Texas and some other
regions. It occupies one of the first places among the countries
of the world for production of coal, iron and oil.
The USA has a highly developed motor-ear industry. It
would be no exaggeration to say that cars have become the
symbol of American way of life. The vehicles produced at
such companies as Ford and the General Motors are known
world-wide. The motor-car industry is concentrated in and
around Detroit. Ship-building is developed along the Atlantic
coast and in San Francisco. The textile industry is to be found
in the north-east and in the south of the country.
The USA has a highly developed railway system. It also
has the best network of roads in the world. They are called
The USA is a federal country of 50 states and the District
of Columbia. The political life of the country has always been
dominated by the two major parties: the Democratic party
and the Republican party. At an election time they contest
presidency and the majority of seats in the Congress. The
Congress is the highest legislative body of the country. It
consists of two chambers — the House of Representatives and
The President, elected by the whole nation for four years, is
head of the state and the Government.
1. What kind of state is the USA?
2. Where is it situated?
3. What is the USA washed by in the east and in the west?
4. What is the USA separated from Canada by?
5. What is the total area of the country?
6. What are the principal rivers of the USA?
7. What is the population of the country?
8. Where do most people live?
9. What did many people seek in the USA?
10. Why are there representatives of all racial and national
groups in America?
11. Where is the capital of the country situated?
12. Is the agriculture in America highly mechanized?
13. What raw materials is America rich in?
14. What has become the symbol of American way of life?
15. Where is the motor-car industry situated?
16. Where is the textile industry to be found?
17. Has the USA a highly developed railway system?
18. How many states are there in the USA?
19. By what party has the political life in America been
20. What do the two parties contest at an election time?
21. What is the highest legislative body of the country?
powerful — мощный
western — западный
eastern — восточный
highland regions — возвышенность
lowland regions — низменность
prairie — прерии
to seek (sought, sought) refuge — искать убежище
persecution — преследование
political and religios beliefs — политические и религиоз-
rich oil fields — богатые месторождения нефти
California — Калифорния
It would be no exaggeration >,o say — не б^дет преувели-
чением сказать, что
symbol — символ
textile — текстильная промышленность
network of roads — сеть дорог
to contest presidency — оспаривать, претендовать на пост
the majority of seats in the Congress — большинство
мест в конгрессе
the highest legislative body — высший законодательный
chamber — палата
The United States of America(2)
After 350 years of development the United States of America
still holds the leading position in the western world. The USA
is the most powerful and highly developed country of the
world. The United States of America lies in the central part of
North American continent. Its western coast is washed by the
Pacific Ocean. Its eastern coast is washed by the Atlantic
Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico.
The USA consists of three separate parts. They are the
Hawaiian Islands, Alaska and the rest major part of the USA.
There are fifty states and district of Columbia. The states
differ very much in size, population and economical
development. The population of the United States is about
250 million people.
What makes the USA the leader of the western world is its
economical, political and military dominance over other
The United States is a federal republic. The Government is
divided into three branches: legislative (the US Congress),
executive (the President and his Administration) and judicial
(the US Supreme Court).
There are two main political parties in the USA: the Democratic
and the Republican.
The flag of the USA is called "Stars and Stripes". The 50
stars — white on a blue field — represent the 50 states,
18 stripes represent 13 original English colonies, which in
1776 became independent of England.
The capital of the United States is Washington. It was
named in honor of the first president whose name was George
Washington. The biggest cities of the USA are New York, San
Francisco, IMS Angeles, Chicago and other.
1. Where is the US situated?
2. What are the major political parties?
3. Who is the US president now?
4. How many States are there in the country?
5. What is the US population?
6. What is the political structure in the country?
7. What is the capital of the USA?
8. What is the name of american flag?
development — развитие
to hold — держать
leading — ведущий
powerful — могущественный, мощный
coast — побережье
to consist — состоять
to be washed by — омываться
separate — отдельный
dominance — преобладание
branch — ветвь, отрасль
to divide — разделять
legislative — законодательный
executive — исполнительный
judicial — судебный
to represent — представлять